During the excavations discovered one of the main fortifications of ancient Chernihiv
One of the main fortifications of ancient Chernihiv — the moat surrounding castle — discovered by archaeologists during excavations on the corner of Kirponos and the Black Prince in the…

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Bridges in ancient times
From the capital construction of a bridge over the Moscow river for a long time held the danger of invasion of enemy troops from the South, where the river was…

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The soil pressure on underground structures

Prior to production and to the construction of underground structures soil in an unlimited array is in a state of natural or geostatic equilibrium under the action of its own weight. In this case, the depth Z in the soil (Fig. 1), the following compressive stresses (pressure):



where is the average bulk weight of overlying soils; – the coefficient of lateral earth pressure under conditions of natural occurrence.

The open or underground excavation changes the equilibrium conditions of the soil and leads to the emergence of deformation and redistribution of stresses.

Earth pressure on underground structures is different than the pressure in the intact rock mass at the same depth, as: Continue reading

The earliest period of the history of Azerbaijan

In the Azerbaijan SSR monuments of Khojaly-Gadabay culture are and foothill belts of the lesser Caucasus and in the valley on the right Bank of the river Kura; traces of it are found in the Mughan steppe and in the region of the Talysh mountains.

Typical monuments of Khojaly-Gadabay culture are cyclopean buildings whose walls are of large boulders of stones on the dry clutch. Cyclopean structures identified so far in Khanlar, Tastaturkart, Shamkhor and Dashkesan regions. Their presence is expected in Kubatly, Tauz and the Kazakh regions. In the Nakhichevan ASSR they are recorded in Norashen district. One of them is “Opencola” (“Castle men”) – differs from all other cyclopean structures the fact that its walls were built of stones ruboobeeyah almost quadrangular shape. Azerbaijanis foothill and mountainous parts (the lesser Caucasus, where the bulk of these monuments, called them mostly “Kalach” (small fortress), and sometimes referred to as “Arucas” (masonry), “?Asar” (fence) and “d?W?ldas” (stone rows). The number of identified cyclopean structures within a Republic comes to 120. Continue reading


It is known that previously could exist on Earth at different times of a highly developed civilization with its culture, traditions, knowledge, technology. Their traces are found in the form of stone structures of astonishing grandeur. The greatest interest at the present time makes people legendary Egyptian pyramid of the Pharaoh Cheops. It has at its base a square of 250 x 250 m and a height of 150 m. It was constructed on the basis of more ancient pyramids (outlier), which is about 50% of the total volume of the pyramid. The superstructure of the pyramid was carried out with large stone blocks weighing up to 2.5 tons. The purpose and methods of the construction of this and other ancient circular pyramids is still being debated.

The word “pyramid” in a semantic translation the Greeks understood as “fire inside”. Modern research shows that across the top of the pyramid from the top down is held vertical energocell (the invisible fire). These channels of energy flows available to the trees and temples of all religions. The pyramids were built over the tombs of the ancient rulers of countries and peoples in different parts of the planet, through their energy channels to establish sustainable related to the noospheric (reasonable) layers of the earth and ancestral spirits. Modern churches will perform a similar role for energy-connection with their spiritual centres, working on their vibration frequency. Continue reading

The megalithic monuments of antiquity who built it?
"The first mortars having binding properties appeared before our era. Historians and researchers say that in the epoch of metals (3200-1500 BC) lime mortar was used in construction. And in…

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Churches and Temples of Ancient Prague
The St. Vitus Cathedral. The dominant feature of Prague Castle is undoubtedly the Cathedral of St. Vitus. Were held in the Cathedral of the coronation of Bohemian kings, some of…