What is the Cathedral
In the middle ages in all the countries of Western Europe received recognition from the Roman Catholic branch of Christianity. Each rural or urban community built their own Church. Communities…

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In Turkey found the oldest temple in the world.
Archaeologists have discovered the world's oldest temple - megalithic structure, which scientists have dubbed the "Turkish Stonehenge". Scientists consider it "the most important building in the world": a place of…

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The Cathedral (Duomo)

The Duomo Cathedral of Milan, bearing the name of Santa Maria Nascente. This Gothic Church was built for nearly six centuries, and today is the fifth largest Cathedral in the world and the largest in Italy. The Duomo is located on the place where once was the center of the Roman Mediolanum, – this is confirmed by the fact that modern streets either radiate from the Cathedral or surround it. Under the building of the Duomo you can see the early Christian baptistery, built in 335, the year, is one of the oldest Christian baptistery in Europe.

In 1386, the year Archbishop Antonio da Saluzzo began construction of the Cathedral, which coincided with the coming to power in Milan of Gian Galeazzo Visconti. The first architect was appointed Simone da Orsenigo, which planned to build the Cathedral in Lombard Gothic style. However, Visconti wanted to follow the fashion trends of European architecture, and therefore invited the French engineer Nicolas de Bonaventure, who added the style “rayonnant Gothic” – French style, not common in Italy. He also decided that the brick structure should be marble. In 1402, the year Jan, Galeazzo died – by this time the Cathedral was only half completed, and construction was frozen nearly to the end of the century. Continue reading

Pyramid lake Rock

There is no doubt that the Egyptian pyramids is the most famous. But they are not the most ancient structures of pyramidal form. In the U.S. state of Wisconsin there is a pyramid, whose age, presumably, 12 thousand years. It turns out that it was built during the last ice age. And made it a very highly advanced civilization…

Rock lake is located 20 miles East of Madison (Wisconsin). Its length is eight and the width is about four kilometers. In 1836, American Explorer Nathaniel, hair accidentally discovered in the lake a small stone pyramid with a flat top. He called his discovery Atzalyno and suggested that the discovery not less than a thousand years.

His discovery of Heyer not attach particular importance on the American continent many of the pyramids, “the cult of the hills” and burial mounds. But in 1862, the press began to be published, which said that the pyramid lake Rock is one of the most ancient pyramids.

It was argued that the pyramid is on the bottom of the lake which was formed many years ago, and, therefore, the construction should be over all Indian tribes. Continue reading

Gothic style

Gothic (from the name of the Germanic tribe is ready) style (1150-1500) is represented in various art forms. But it is most fully manifested in the architecture: One of the highest achievements of the Gothic style — the Gothic cathedrals. Powerful columns crowned with pointed arches, huge Windows with colored glass, conical spires of Gothic cathedrals give ease. The building always looks tall and seems even taller.

The exterior is decorated with sculptures, a huge number of columns, which create the impression of lightness and at the same time give the building the necessary strength. The lack of smooth walls especially when compared with buildings of the Romanesque style.

The portal (entrance) to the Cathedral are always decorated with numerous arches, sculptures, turrets, small Windows curly. Smooth walls a little, usually they cut large Windows-sockets. The faces and postures of the figures emphasized realistic, even the folds of the clothes are not frozen, but soft, movable. Continue reading

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