The construction of the dam.
40 years ago, December 19, 1973, in the construction of the Cheboksary hydroelectric complex was laid the first cubic meter of concrete
The construction of the Cheboksary hydroelectric power station was planned in 1931. According to the project “Great Volga” the construction of the cascade of waterworks on the Volga and Kama conceived to create a single deep-water route connecting the Caspian, Black, Baltic and White seas, as well as the use of hydropower, the largest river of Europe.
The ambitious plans of industrialization, and then the Great Patriotic war delayed the start of construction of the Cheboksary hydroelectric power station for decades. In 1960, the design of future hydropower was entrusted to Kuibyshev branch of the Institute “Hydroproject”. The project was approved on January 22, 1967, this day is considered the beginning of the construction of the station. The building was declared all-Union shock construction, which was attended by specialists from many regions of the country.
December 31, 1980 was launched the first hydraulic unit, and in 1986 earned all 18. For 33 years the Cheboksary hydroelectric power station has produced more than 71 billion kWh.h of electricity, providing savings in excess of 23 million tons of conditional fuel.
Simultaneously with the waterworks facility was built to house tens of thousands of engineers and their families, hospitals, schools, kindergartens and other infrastructure Novocheboksarsk. Here’s how that glorious time to remember the veterans of the Cheboksary hydroelectric power station.
Margaritiferum Podmate — engineer ACS of the management of construction of the Cheboksary HPP
I graduated from the Perm construction College and worked in the “Gidromontazh” in the construction of Votkinsk’s hydroelectric power station. After the organization was transferred in Novocheboksarsk. Came here in April 1969, got a job in the Directorate for construction of the Cheboksary hydroelectric power station, which was headed by then chief project engineer A. G. Yudkovskaya. In the list of workers was listed as the eleventh.
First dealt with acquisition of land for construction. Was transferred about 900 hectares on both sides of the Volga. The construction of databases for contractors: “Gidrospetsstroy”, “Dredging”, “Santehmontazh”, “Hydroelectromontage”, SMU ASG in the region of Ivanovo was built small and large concrete plants. The area where today is placed the scene at the waterfront was reclaimed, and there was a concrete plant, its underground galleries led to the construction of the dam. When there was a large concrete, factories worked around the clock with a great performance. This is required when pouring large block arrays in the body of the dam.
In parallel built housing. This portion of the work is directly supervised me. The first house built for the passage of Power, then a kindergarten and a hostel. I had to take a lot of people on the construction site and to provide them with apartments. The first dwelling houses were commissioned in Naberezhnye Chelny, and from there along the Volga panels carried on barges. Compiled four houses on Komsomolskaya street.
3rd district built with funding from the Cheboksarskaya HPP. In the future, to October has allocated the 4-th microdistrict — in Urakawa, and we started to build up from the first peg. When in the open field surveyors came to mark a place in the first building, we asked them not to make mistakes, because it will lay out the rest of the neighborhood.
In estimate and financial calculation itself hydroelectric power station cost 900 million Soviet rubles. The community facilities was given to about 50 million Housing, children’s polyclinic, maternity hospital, therapeutic case of city hospital, dentistry, two schools No. 5 and 11, shops, hairdressers, cafes, Home life in Urakawa is built on resources allocated for October.
Housing built a lot, there was a period when get flat people waited only three months. For dispensary “Salami”, not planned by the project, Yudkovskaya even punished, but he always thought about people and never regretted that has built a recreation center for residents.
When you have entered all the 18 units, the Directorate was renamed the Cheboksarskaya HPP.
With the cessation of construction of community facilities I was assigned to do the construction and decoration of the building management hydroelectric power station, turbine hall station. The length of the hall almost 600 meters, on the project floors were to be of granite, marble walls. That enterprise content management has accepted our huge order, they built the shop. To work the finishers had in difficult conditions — working units, and vibration.
On the same level with the highway passing along the roof of the power house, was designed a single-track railroad from the upper pool. Now there are bases under the columns of the bridge on which you can build a railroad.
In recent years in hydro I was involved in the privatization of the station. Just worked on a hydroelectric power station more than 36 years.
Simon guryevich Guriev — chief of turbine shop of the Cheboksary hydroelectric power station
Got in Novocheboksarsk in September 1969 with a group of designers Leonid Fridlyanov.
Initially worked on the design of temporary networks and energy provision of dredgers which the jumper. So that narrowed the Volga river does not erode its channel has expanded, flush left Bank of the dredger.
In the summer of 1968 began the development of the pit and alluvium jumpers, protecting it from flooding. By the spring of 1972, the pit was drained.
I was present at the laying of the first cubic meter of concrete. The whole Foundation pit for sluice facilities were not yet ready, only a part of it. On the eve of the Day of energy after a short solemn meeting the engineers laid the first cubic meter of concrete in the bottom of the future of the gateway. There lowered a capsule with the will to descendants, which reads: “We, the builders of the Cheboksary hydroelectric power station, we wish our descendants to keep in good condition all hydroelectric facilities, to constantly produce electricity for the factories, the agriculture workers, to maintain and multiply natural wealth of the great Russian river Volga”.
Remember the flooding of the pit, which built a hydroelectric power station. Downstream blasted washed the jumper, and through the closure channel gushing water. Then dredge in gradually washed away it all and flooded the ditch upstream.
November 15, 1980 ended the overlap of the Volga, which lasted 6 days and 17 hours. About a hundred cars from the left and right Bank were thrown into the water chords 15-ton blocks of concrete cubes and tetrahedrons. After damming the water went through the spillway of the hydroelectric facilities.
Gateways and HPS were one unit. From rivermen representatives appeared only in 1980, the first head of the sluice structures Gulyakov, his Deputy Ovchinnikov and sheep. I gladly gave them structure, and they allowed them in April 1981 with the beginning of navigation.
After the commissioning of the OSG in 1978 switched to control installation of the hydraulic units. In February 1982 Yudkovskaya invited me for group supervision to work at the station. Was appointed Deputy chief of turbine shop. Headed to the shop in 1993.
In starting years, Director Abram G. Yudkovskaya and chief engineer max G. Khisin at the station created a powerful team: A. Frolov, G. Drobinov, V. Kulakov, V. Lagutin, V. Bocharov, V. Dorofeev, A. Shepetov, V. Frolov, Vladimir Shokarev, and many others. Traditions established by them and carried the first generation of power station, relayed by the professionals who work at HPP today.