The megaliths of Donbass - the legacy of ancient Hyperborea?
In the vicinity of the village Donskoye of Volnovakha district - unsightly rocky soil, where the surface of granite rocks. And yet there is a lot of randomly placed rock…

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General view of temple complex
While in the 60-ies of XX century in some strange hill in Turkey began to claim the title of the oldest structures on Earth, the oldest religious structure on the…

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Bridges in ancient times

From the capital construction of a bridge over the Moscow river for a long time held the danger of invasion of enemy troops from the South, where the river was a natural defensive lines. Only in the seventeenth century when the danger had passed, and the population of Zamosvorechye significantly increased, instead of fords, temporary floating or wooden piling bridges need long-lasting reliable bridge. Great stone bridge – one of the most renowned and significant buildings in Russia of that time, contemporaries called it the eighth wonder of the world. Besides a Large Stone, in Moscow were built on other rivers and ravines and other stone bridges. At the end of the eighteenth century Kitai-Gorod was connected to the Kremlin by two stone bridges – Spassky and Nikolsky. At Neglinnaya in the eighteenth century there was another stone bridge. Before our time preserved the Palace bridge (Lefortovo), who later Kuznetsk, in 1777, was built by the same architect Semyon Yakovlev across the Yauza river in Lefortovo constructed then from the Catherine Palace in German quarter. White city had five stone bridges: Barbarian, Elijah, St. Nicholas, resurrection and Trinity. And stone Kuznetsk bridge. From the time of Catherine II until the present time remained Rostokinskiy aqueduct – the most significant in size, monumental, laconic architectural edifice of stone in the late 18th century. His face is clearly the Roman bridge proslejivaetsya arcades. The aqueduct served to supply drinking water to Moscow by gravity. The length of the brick bridge is 356 meters. Tsaritsyno bridge-original bridge built in 1775-1785гг. the complex structures of a country summer residence of Catherine the great. Preserved and is still in use today. In the center of the capital. The main group of modern bridge in Moscow, mainly in the city centre, and the most significant in size and role in the system of transport structures built in the Soviet era, between 1936-1939. The construction within three years of the large bridges over the Moscow river was a large complex job. They are built in conjunction with the General plan of the city and its transport needs. New bridges were built to improve communication between the areas located on both sides of the Moscow river, and to provide through-passage along the Moscow river large Volga vessels. They are located approximately on the site of the old left of the nineteenth century in 1829. – Large Stone bridge with three-span stone arched supports and a metal span structures to replace ramshackle stone bridge; in 1861. – Dorogomilov bridge with three latticed, metallic spans; in 1913. it was replaced a three-span arched bridge Borodino; in 1871. – Krasnokholmsky bridge with two truss spans; in 1874. – The Crimean bridge – with two lattice structures metal beam spans 64 m; in 1881. – Ustinsky three-span bridge with an arched metal span structures; in 1911. – Novospassky, a three-span, too, with the same dimensions spans. Instead of seven old, was built on the Moscow river, five new bridges. The main difference in the architecture and design of new bridges that each of them crosses the river by one span.

New bridges were built to improve communication between the areas located on both sides of the Moscow river, and to provide through-passage along the Moscow river large Volga vessels. They are located approximately on the site of the old left of the nineteenth century in 1829. – Large Stone bridge with three-span stone arched supports and a metal span structures to replace ramshackle stone bridge; in 1861. – Dorogomilov bridge with three latticed, metallic spans; in 1913. it was replaced a three-span arched bridge Borodino; in 1871. – Krasnokholmsky bridge with two truss spans; in 1874. – The Crimean bridge – with two lattice structures metal beam spans 64 m; in 1881. – Ustinsky three-span bridge with an arched metal span structures; in 1911. – Novospassky, a three-span, too, with the same dimensions spans. Instead of seven old, was built on the Moscow river, five new bridges. The main difference in the architecture and design of new bridges that each of them crosses the river by one span. Four arched bridge made with riding on top. Of the five bridges four metal: three arched (Great Stone bridge, the Big Ustinsky and Big krasnokholmskiy) and one hanging (the Crimean). Fourth arch bridge – reinforced concrete (Moskvoretskaya). A big Stone bridge raised on the continued direction of the street the Big Clearing, crosses the Moscow river at an angle and comes out of the left-Bank ramp approach to the Alexander garden opposite the old building of the State library. V. I. Lenin. The bridge piers are faced with grey granite from robotropolis surface. Thus, the bridge, and the only structures of his time – riveted metal and concrete, took on the appearance of conforming to its name, the Stone bridge. The big Ustinsky bridge was built in 1938. Saves the name of the old bridge. Single-span bridge, located near the confluence of the Yauza river in the Moscow river and connects the street Sadovnicheskaya (Osipenko) with Yauzsky Boulevard. Maly Ustinsky Bridge was built in the same year. Interesting because the facade of the bridge by the Moscow river long facade facing the river Yauza, which gives the bridge a trapezoid shape. Big Krasnokholmsky bridge has the largest span bridge in Moscow. At the same time, it is the most significant link in the chain of complex engineering structures at the site of the Garden ring between the squares of Paveletsky and Kursky stations. Later were built the tunnel, cutting across the top of the red hill under Taganskaya square, under the flyover of the Ulyanovsk street and Wysokowski three-span bridge over the Yauza. Construction of the superstructure consists of seven sickle-shaped metal arches. Maly Krasnokholmsky bridge is a natural extension of Big krasnokholmskiy bridge Sleek bridge is the ornament of a Drainage channel in its lower reaches. Crimean bridge – now the only example of city bridge in Moscow with low ride. In it the roadway and pedestrian walkways placed at the bottom of the supporting structure, suspended by vertical rods to a chain bridge.

A cheerful voice from London will be year after year to join us without distinction of classes and registration to the world civilization, which since the times of Great geographical discoveries still single. ON the TURN: moving TOWARDS In the second half of the 70s begins the “building bridges” and with the bard side towards the rockers. Absolutely not lucid — just dictated by the search for new expressive means. The initiative is not owned by Okudzhava and his school (the closest aesthetically to what was done Makarevich, Ilchenko and VOSKRESENSKY), “love for electricity” captured is more stringent democratic direction of art song, which we associate with the names of Vladimir Vysotsky and North Arcadia. Vysotsky began to record some of my songs in the “electric” support of the Soviet (ensemble Garan) and French instrumentalists. Leningrad folk singer Arkady Zvezdin (North) with your friends — brothers — Pearl put this thing on stream. North — “And he sang bawdy songs!”. But isn’t “be quiet, mother green Dubravushka” — not the “underworld” song of its time? In Russia, the folklore of “wild men” is rooted in hoary antiquity, almost in heroic epic