Fastiv Church
Rogoźno V. Fastiv Church Construction and reconstruction of 7 November 2003 (No. 11) P. 49 The first Roman Catholic Church in Fastiv appeared in the late XVI century. Then, in…

Continue reading →

The Cathedral (Duomo)
The Duomo Cathedral of Milan, bearing the name of Santa Maria Nascente. This Gothic Church was built for nearly six centuries, and today is the fifth largest Cathedral in the…

Continue reading →

Pamplona

Located 385 km North-East of Madrid and 160 km South-East of Bilbao, the Basque name of Iruna.

The capital of Navarra is also world famous for the race of bulls in a desperate Fiesta of San Fermin (Fiesta de San Fermfn), which irobotics in the second week of July (usually from 6 to 14 July). Unlike bullfighting, bulls are not killed here. Rather the opposite happens — people get hurt. But this is the meaning. Bulls run away from your lungs through the narrow streets of the old medieval city, and this action is called “the running of the bulls” (encierro).

The holiday was originally dedicated to one of the bishops of Pamplona by the name Fermin, who in the Middle ages saved the city from the plague. Show gathers every year a lot of people, m the mass of the observing from the Windows and balconies of houses as the young urchins trying to avoid dangerous encounters with angry horned animal. Is a live broadcast throughout Europe.

The festivities begin launching flares from the balcony of the local town hall. The door of the crate open, and the bulls pulled out into the street, where they were waiting for the people. The race lasts just over two minutes, during this time, and the people and the bulls run through the city streets of about 800 meters. The route is known in advance, all the side streets overlap. At the end of the race the bulls go to the Bullring (Plaza de Toros). There they again pomeshaut pens and released just after noon, in time for the start of bullfighting. Separate story deserves the arena itself — it is in Pamplona, the world’s third largest after Madrid and Mexico city, built in 1922, and next to it stands a statue of Hemingway, which, in fact, the Fiesta of San Permit and gained international popularity.

In the Fiesta, when the population of Pamplona increases by half a million people. The race starts at 8 a.m. and take place outside the Relay (Calle Estafeta), preferably in the evening and sleep not to lie. At 6 am there are free places tickets are all owned by speculators.

At all places, naturally, are not enough hotel rooms booked for almost six months, you can use the local services. But we must be careful about the price and conditions are e to agree in advance. But due to the fact that the Fiesta is held in the hot summer, the youth met overnight on the grass of the Park Ciutadella. Here it is advisable to adhere to the principle put by a group, because alone can Rob. And in General it is advisable to remember that the Fiesta attracts not only tourists and fans of games with the bulls, but also of thieves.

At 7.30 the police will terminate the access of people to the streets, so the majority of the crowd wanting to participate at 7.00 already holds the position. Runners claim that the main danger comes not from bulls, but from the crowds, which are sometimes meaningless. All complicated by the fact that many intoxicated runners frankly — festival, in fact, is an infinite booze long week. Another danger lurks in the cobblestone sidewalk — he’s slippery.

The Fiesta includes not only bull run, but the parades and street bands, “giants” and “Golovanov”, and evening fireworks. It all ends with a solemn mass in the Cathedral. Recently it has been suggested that in the context of General gender equality in Pamplona would alternative cow race, but instead the men from the cows would run off women. But the idea has not found practical implementation.

The municipality of Pamplona, from which begins the race, is an interesting building with figures of lions and the trumpeting angel on the roof, was built in the XVII century in Baroque style. She can become the starting point for walks in the center of Pamplona. If you turn left at the street Mercaderes (Mercaderes), then five minutes later come to the Cathedral. It is a Gothic building of the XIV century with a neoclassical facade, the work of Ventura rodríguez (XVIII century). He has a nice internal gallery, buried within the Navarra king Carlos III, and his tomb is an example of Flemish sculpture (1416). The Museum contains various religious subjects of the Middle ages.

Passing through the hall into the alley of Santo Domingo, will soon be near the Museum of Navarre (Museo de Navarra; Cuesta de Santo Domingo, 47). There is quite an impressive collection of Roman things, including mosaics. Presents the Romanesque art, the frescoes of the XIII century and the portrait of the Marquis of San adrián by Goya’s work.

If you go on the streets Relay “bull route”, in the middle of it through the right side lane access to the Central area of the city is Plaza del Castillo (Plaza del Castillo), where stands the building of the regional government and a large gazebo, and in the Park overnight tourists during Fiesta. Moving further along the street Charles III (Carlos III) leads you to the monument of the Fiesta immortalized in bronze as the bulls and runners fortunate and unfortunate. No one stops to climb the monument and join the sculptures and so imprinted on the memory.

The pride of the town is a pentagonal citadel of the XVIII century, now converted into a Park. The far South end of the Park opens onto a large round From square (Plaza de los Fueros), where stands a beautiful monument in 1903 to honor the special privileges of Navarra (“from”), granted at the time by the Spanish crown. From downtown to the Park! I have to walk 20 minutes through the streets of Bosquecillo and Calle Mayor. From the North it adjoins another Taconera Park (Parque de la Taconera), where you can find several nice fountains and monuments. On the river Agra there are several medieval bridges.

Modern Pamplona has a high level of life, there is a large Volkswagen factory. And Pamplona is a very sporty city. Here is the international Federation of the game in sang that (the national Basque ballgame), and the local football club “Osasuna” is a strong mid-table club Spanish La Ant. Near the town was born the famous cyclist Miguel triumphs in Spain.

Pamplona come in three daily trains from Madrid and Barcelona Vremya about 4 hours) and a couple from San Sebastian (1.5 hours).

In Navarre a lot of medieval castles — the region has always been attractive to various conquerors. And a lot of so-called preserved fortified villages, when houses were going to each other, and settled mostly on the hills.

ASPE (Olite) 45 km South of Pamplona is an old city surrounded by vineyards, famous for its Palace of the kings of Navarra (1406). This magnificent medieval castle, one of the best in the country.

Very close to Olite, on the mountain, is typical of the Navarre fortified village of Ujue (Ujue). On the last Sunday of April here come the pilgrims, many barefoot and in tunics, to worship the ancient statue of the virgin, covered with silver.

The two-storied Palace of the kings of Navarre (Palacio de los Reyes de Navarra) is located in the town of Estella (Estella), 50 km West of Pamplona. This is an extremely unusual structure of the end of the XII century, a jewel of Romanesque architecture. Luxury portal, statues of apostles in niches, and almost Moorish roof. The reliefs on the columns sculpted in the form of a talk about the history of the death of Roland.

Sangüesa (Sangtiesa) 45 km to the South-East from Pamplona also retained the medieval image — there are several churches of the heyday of the Kingdom of Navarre (XII —XIII centuries) and palaces-mansions of the Dukes and marquises. The Santiago Church is notable for a strange statue of St. James and the impressive collection of Gothic sculpture.

Javier castle (Castillo de Javier) is located 8 km from Saswati also dates from the XI century. He is famous above all because here in 1506 he was born Francisco Javier, who soon, along with Ignatius Loyola organized the Jesuits. He is considered the patron Saint of Navarra, and in early March the castle is organized the pilgrimage, called Javierada. The castle stands on a rock and is a whole heap of towers and the keep, inside you can see a wonderful crucifix of the XIII century, a large knights ‘ hall, the fresco “Dance of Death” and the bedroom of the Saint. The castle is open from 10 to 14 and from 15.30 to 19.00, payment is accepted in the form of donations.

The Leyre monastery (monastery of Leyre) stands on the hill above the reservoir AGM (Yesa) 7 km from Sanguesa. It is a spiritual and religious center of the Kingdom of Navarre, in the crypt it was buried all the kings of Navarre. It was built and the middle of the XI century, then reconstructed by the Cistercians, and in the XVI century, almost completely rebuilt. It should be noted rich carved portal (Porto Speciosa) in the Romanesque style. In the monastery there is peace, order, support the Benedictines. The monastery is open for visitors from 10: 15 to 14 hours and from 16 to 19 hours.

And in the castle, and the monastery is difficult to reach by public transport, ideal machine for rent. If you come from Pamplona, you have to stick to the highway N-240 towards Huesca and look at the side indicators.

Share your experience