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General view of temple complex

While in the 60-ies of XX century in some strange hill in Turkey began to claim the title of the oldest structures on Earth, the oldest religious structure on the planet was considered to be the famous Stonehenge. However, soon, awarding hill the somewhat offensive title of a medieval cemetery, people left him alone right up to our time.

Today, interest in the hill, which is located in the Turkish province of Urfa, Gobekli Tepe (translated as “Umbilical mountain”), huge: there is found the most ancient temple in the world. After the outbreak of interest in the hill and decades of lull in the 90-ies of the Istanbul Department of the German archaeological Institute excavations beginning. Sending the examination several blocks from the surface of the hill, archaeologists thought that the reply contains an error: in the conclusion it is written that the samples are K. the stone age! He’s at least 7 thousand years older than Stonehenge. Moreover, the temple is built on five and a half thousand years before the first cities of Mesopotamia.

View of ancient temple are amazing. It’s perfectly smooth circles, built of rectangular stone blocks, from which rise dozens of huge T-shaped pillars carved from limestone weighing up to 50 tons and a height of five meters. They are clearly prinosili installed manually. The floors in the building is made of limestone, along the walls of the temple were arranged stone benches. Pillars decorated with intricate carvings: figures clearly discern the outlines of foxes, snakes, wild boars, cranes, birds of prey. Surprisingly, there are also the people, but their figures or the shape of someone who looks like a person, I have no mouth, no nose, no eyes.

Some of the figures in the columns of the complex is surprisingly bulky

Most of the images carved on the surface of the pillars in the form of relief, but there are three-dimensional sculptures. One of them is a lion, descending down the column. The first temple stone was found by shepherd in 1994. For the next year to gobekli Tepe with a group of archaeologists arrived German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, who has been heading the excavations. As he says himself: “When I first saw this place, I realized that I have two options: either to leave and not to tell anyone, or your whole life to explore this object”.

German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt has devoted his life to unlocking an ancient complex of Göbekli Tepe, and thus have perpetuated his name in the modern history of archaeology

Some believe that Gobekli Tepe was not a temple, but only the place of residence of ancient people. By the way, this is how scientists interpret and purpose of Stonehenge. Other researchers have proposed ideas about the intervention of alien races in Earth’s history and the construction of this complex aliens.

It is believed that Gobekli Tepe is nothing like the garden of Eden, or land of Noah’s ark prototype. Excavation is conducted only on five (!) percent of its territory. The building dates back to the IX–XI Millennium BC.

Some of the figures in the columns of the complex is surprisingly bulky

As the researchers say, the number of questions about Gobekli Tepe only growing. For example, for the manufacture and delivery of columns, weighing 10-20 tons from quarries to the building, located half a kilometer from each other, in the absence of draft animals required the efforts of up to 500 people. Transferred as blocks? When, who and why the temple was covered with earth layer. in 300-500 meters? By the way, the first settlements of mud houses and granaries full of peas, wheat, almonds and pistachio nuts, found in the same region. But they are much younger than the sanctuary — they are about nine thousand years.

A fragment of pictogram on the columns in the complex of Göbekli Tepe

. Almost every nation has legends about the forgotten or destroyed the knowledge of others who are not like us people. And beside them will certainly receive the news that the homes and temples of these “others” were destroyed. So if happened to Gobekli Tepe? It is possible that the dolmens were dismantled or fell asleep, because they simply have no need. All the old sacred centers were destroyed. And made the tribes standing on a lower stage of civilization, who managed to conquer yet more ancient and developed culture.

According to historians, the main centers of this extinct culture was in Italy, Malta, Indonesia, England. Representatives of an ancient civilization, belonging, apparently, to a different ethnic type, on Earth, not just the OS that elk. And will we be able to see how they looked, how they lived and what they believed, yet, alas, it is not clear.

Gone people

Aleksey Maslov, Professor, doctor of historical Sciences:

– A circle, a very ancient temple structures found all over the world. And we can confidently say that it is a single shared culture, cult that existed throughout the Land. I have no doubt that in the near future will be found other, similar Gobekli Tepe structures even more ancient. They conducted rituals in which higher powers communicated is not a cleric, and the whole tribe. When did the priestly caste, this tradition is gone, and the temples were dismantled following civilization.


Recently in the jungles of Mexico, archaeologists found two well-preserved ancient city, which, it is estimated that around 3000 years. The researchers concluded that these cities once belonged to Indians of a tribe Maya found palaces and pyramids perfectly fit the description of this ancient culture. The heyday of these cities had, most likely, at 600-1000 years before our era. Found the city called Tamsen and Lagunita. They are in the territory of the reserve “Calakmul” of the Yucatan Peninsula. Previously here was found the eponymous Mayan city, declared world heritage site by UNESCO.