Gothic in Ukraine
One of the most interesting periods of the history of architecture of Ukraine — the end of XIV — first half XV century. On the Western lands that are less suffered from the Mongol-Tatar invasion, then grow the city, developing crafts and trade. In the Ukrainian city arrive many of the settlers, mostly Germans, who brought in art and particularly in architecture, new forms of style. the quintet is a corrugated sheet of aluminum with a pattern quintet
Among the religious buildings dominated Catholic churches. Crucial role in the formation of the new style was played by the Lviv Cathedral. The construction of the Latin Church began Lviv architect P. Stecher in 1360, and continued to work the Thunder, and I. A. Rabis, the construction was completed in 1479 G. Stecher.The Gothic verticality of the building enhances the high gable roof.
The tower on the main facade is Baroque completion and is located asymmetrically, as the second bell tower was left unfinished. In the interior high beam-columns support the arches and the vault with Gothic ribs; the walls and the vault are covered with frescoes.
In the interior and external decoration of the building are preserved many works of memorial sculpture.
In the center of the town of Chortkiv of Ternopil region is peaked, the Church of St. Stanislaus, built in 1731 as the main Church of the monastery of the Carmelites.
Comparison of the structures of Romanesque and Gothic.
In the research part of the paper I decided on several aspects to compare architecture Romanesque architecture Gothic style. Thus I can more clearly show the innovations in the Gothic structure, and most importantly – the resulting advantages.
So the first question: how the workload is distributed in the building?
Answer: in buildings of Romanesque architecture the load transfer wall of the Cathedral along the entire length, and in Gothic architecture the load transfer elements of the frame system. An important difference from the Romanesque – these elements are not continuous, they are uniformly located around the perimeter of the building.
The second question is: what function are the columns?
Answer: in buildings of the Romanesque style columns do not carry special significance, they are simply a means of decoration, and in Gothic architecture column, along with the buttresses and flying buttresses plays almost the main role, they are the main bearing elements of the building.
Third question: what elements carry the main load of the building?
Answer: romance of the carriers are massive wall thickness of several meters, as in the Gothic architecture of the main load carrying thin walls. They erected between the columns and bearing walls are.
Fourth question: what sizes can have a building?
Answer: in the Romanesque style of the building volumes are small, as they directly depend on the thickness of the walls, and if you increase the volume of the building, it is necessary to thicken the already thick walls. This process is time consuming and not profitable. Same in Gothic architecture innovations allow you to build cathedrals colossal proportions.
Fifth question: what is the ceiling height and luminosity of the building?
Answer: romance ceilings are not very high, the window openings are very small, so the lighting inside is bad, but in Gothic architecture the arches are very high, Windows are huge in size. This creates a good illumination of the interior.
And sixth, the final question: what is the ratio of the inner areas?
Answer: in the cathedrals Romanesque interior spaces delineated by massive columns, walls and partitions, and also in the cathedrals of the Gothic style interior is visually merged into one. This effect helps to achieve the thinness of the support columns.