The medieval buildings
Whether you love to travel as much as we? To touching the centuries-old history to travel back to the Renaissance with the image of the unique paintings beginning with the Renaissance and ending with Baroque. Or go to a unique place where magnificent architectural monuments, Gothic castles and fortifications, narrow winding streets and huge areas of the magnificent heart of Europe – Prague.
Such an opportunity to the students of our Lyceum during the autumn holidays. We started our tour from the capital of Hungary – Budapest located on the Danube river, which divides the city into two parts. Right-Bank Buda is located on small hills, creating the impression of a color mosaic in places where dense development shines through the dark green wooded hills. Beside her, a little more to the North is Castle hill and the Old town stands out on the background of the city of green dome of the Royal Palace and slender tower of the Church of Matthew. Buda is the oldest part of the city; here are preserved the oldest and most interesting monuments of the capital.
The left Bank of the Danube is pest, where there are industrial and residential areas. Pest County is located in the Northern part of the Great Hungarian Plain. Both parts of the city are connected by a network of seven road bridges and two railway. The city is divided into 23 districts, each of which has its own room, denoted by discipilinary.
Then we visited the Austrian Capital city of Vienna. For many centuries Vienna was the city residence of the Habsburgs, and during their reign, respectively, and the capital of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation, becoming a cultural and political centre of Europe
The medieval castle was probably built on this site long before the Habsburgs. According to the documents it is known that already in 1279 G. Austrian rulers lived in the Hofburg.
The medieval buildings set around a Renaissance courtyard of the Swiss, include the Gothic chapel of the XV century. and the Imperial Treasury, which is now exhibited in the Imperial insignias of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. Most interesting was the excursion to the Imperial Treasury, which exhibits priceless relics from different eras: coronation robes, heirloom of the crown, the weapon, awards, Church utensils, spear of Destiny, the order of the Golden Fleece, the Holy Grail, christening accessories, the cradle of Napoleon. All very interesting and exciting. Every artifact with his long-suffering centuries of history.
Then we visited the Czech capital city of Prague. Prague Castle is not only historic, but also the political center of Prague . It is a whole treasure trove of architectural structures, and is also the residence of the Czech President. The greatest attention among the attractions of Prague Castle St. Vitus Cathedral attracts. This unique temple was built for more than 500 years – from the XIV to the XX centuries thanks To and duration of construction, this Grand architectural structure combines the elements of three styles: Baroque, Renaissance and Gothic. Here were crowned all Czech rulers, and some of them are buried. From the top of the bell tower of St. Vitus Cathedral offers a wonderful view of the panorama of Prague. But the most impressive was the boat trip on the Vltava river and the national Czech cuisine was a pleasant addition to the walk.
And to conclude this fascinating trip was the city of Dresden with its Theatre square . where stands the equestrian statue of king Johann. Here are the Palace, the former residence of the elector of Saxony, the Zwinger pavilion, the masterpiece of German Baroque Semper Opera house, Catholic Court Church, where under the will of the elector August buried his heart, the Protestant Frauenkirche Church, rebuilt on donations of German citizens.
Feel the art of the Renaissance contributed to us of the Dresden gallery, where we enjoyed the original Sistine Madonna and other famous paintings. In the gallery presents a collection of real works of art. The collection was created in the first half of the XVIII century when the kings August II the Strong and August III. The collection of galleries each year only increased. In 1746 the collection was supplemented 100 masterpieces of art thanks to Francesco Algarotti . It was after this Gallery of old masters became famous all over Europe.
Wish that such trips have become routine of the Lyceum, as they help to better understand world history that is best remembered in the art and architecture of many generations.