The Gothic quarter
The Gothic quarter ( Barrio Gotico in Spanish ) is the oldest part of the city — here is a large part of the historical heritage of Barcelona. And slowly walking through the narrow streets of the Barrio Gotico, it is impossible not to feel the breath of antiquity.
One of the most symbolic places in Barcelona for tourists from all over the world is the Cathedral ( Spanish Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia ), which is located in the heart of the quarter. With it we will begin our walk. Spacious New square in front of the Cathedral allows you to fully enjoy the beauty of the main facade of the building. In the courtyard of the Cathedral you can see 13 white geese, symbolizing the 13 years in which innocent Holy Evenia, the patron Saint of the city, was martyred at the hands of the Gentiles. You might be surprised, but it was the Cathedral, not the famous Sagrada Familia ( Spanish Basílica y Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia ), is the seat of the Archbishop of Barcelona and the main Cathedral of Barcelona.
Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia
To the right of the Cathedral from the keen eye of an experienced camper will not escape the remains of a Roman aqueduct. Evidence of the Roman era and are hidden in the foundations of many buildings of the quarter, for example, the Museum of Mares. Worth a visit the inner courtyard of the Museum – desimone to escape from the hustle and bustle of the city streets, filled with numerous guests of the Catalan capital. Another such place, where reigns peace and quiet, is the square of Sant Felip Neri ( Spanish La plaza de San Felipe Neri ).
Walking from the Cathedral in an easterly direction, You will definitely come to the square Sant Jaume ( Spanish La Plaza de San Jaime ). As many centuries ago, when there was a Roman Forum, the square is the centre of political life of not only the city but also throughout Catalonia, are opposite each other are the Palace of the Generalitat (the building of the government of Catalonia) and the Municipality (city government). The very same area is often the site of demonstrations of various kinds.
Despite the beauty and elegance of the Piazza San Gourme, the center of gravity of the entire Gothic quarter can be considered Royal square ( in Spanish Plaza Real ) with its numerous palm trees. The same Plaza Real highlight is the design of the fountain and lampposts, which was invented by Antonio Gaudi. In the square full of restaurants, but despite the small margin, at lunchtime, it is difficult to find a free table. And in the late afternoon the Plaza Real is transformed into the epicenter of the nightlife of the city. Here are the most famous Nightclubs of Barcelona — Sidecar, Jamboree and Karma.
And, of course, not to mention the Big Royal Palace ( Palacio Real in Spanish El Mayor ) – the center of political power of Catalonia in the medieval era of prosperity. The construction of the Palace began at the end of the reign of the Roman Empire, and since then it was repeatedly rebuilt and restored. According to legend it was the Palace where the Catholic kings received Christopher Columbus after his voyage to the shores of America.