Churches and Temples of Ancient Prague
The St. Vitus Cathedral. The dominant feature of Prague Castle is undoubtedly the Cathedral of St. Vitus.
Were held in the Cathedral of the coronation of Bohemian kings, some of them are buried here, so that the Cathedral for the residents of Prague – a place sacred. In the Cathedral you can enter through the bronze doors of the Western façade. On the doors depict scenes from the history of the construction of the temple, as well as episodes of legends about Vaclav and Vojtech.
The Cathedral Of St. Mikuláš.
Created by two prominent Prague architects Christoph and Kilian Ignaz Dienzenhofer. Father, Christoph, was built in the early eighteenth century, the nave and Western facade, and the son 40 years later – the choir and the dome. Completed the construction of the creation of the bell tower (1755) Anselmo Lurago. Especially impressive are the dimensions of the Church: its dome at a height of 75 m would be the envy of the observation deck on the hill Petrin. Are unmatched and the painting of the vault of the main nave “the Apotheosis of St. Nicholas” (Y. L. he), covering an area of 1500 sq. m. In the interior attract the attention of painting K. Skreta and sculptures by I. F. Platzer. The Church is notable for its unusual acoustics. Here is often played on the organ Mozart during his stay in Prague in 1786 and 1787, And today the Church is one of my favorite concert venues for performers and lovers of classical music.
The Church Of Our Lady Of Victory.
Etodolac was built in the early Baroque style in 1611. The main relic of the temple – a wax figure of the Prague Christ Child, brought from Spain mother Polyxena Lobkowicz (the Spanish Princess) in the late sixteenth century.
The Maltese Church, or Church of the virgin Mary under the chain, belonged existed here before the monastery. From the original three-nave Romanesque Basilica remained only the walls of one of the side naves. Modern appearance Church acquired after the restructuring 1640-1646, in the Baroque style under the project of Carlo Lurago. The altar painting is made by Karel Screeu.
The Church of St. Nicholas in old town square – analogue of the same monumental building on lesser town square. However, if the Little temple was built both Dienzenhofer, on the right Bank of the Vltava worked only son, Kilian Ignaz. Old Catholic Church originated in 1732-1737, i.e. just before Lesser. Statue on the main portal – creation Antonina brown, lavish frescos in the side chapel – Peter azama. A big crystal chandelier that has the shape of the Russian Imperial crown, was donated by Tsar Nicholas II to this Church, which then belonged to the Russian Orthodox Church. The chandelier was made at the famous Harrachov glass factory.
Today, the Church of St. Nicholas is the main Czech Hussite Church.
The Church of the virgin Mary under a fence has long been the main Church of the Hussite movement, as preached here first Archbishop of the Hussites Jan Rokycana. However, in 1620 this temple underwent major changes: the main statue was removed a Golden chalice, the symbol of the reformation, and the inscription: “Truth wins.” Ironically, today this slogan adorns the presidential flag. This Cathedral’s 70-meter tower which dominates the old town square, resting on Romanesque and early Gothic foundations. The construction of the Cathedral was begun in 1339 and continued intermittently till 1511 Luxurious North portal made in the workshop of Peter Parler, he is also credited tympanum and stamped with the passions of Jesus (copy; original in the National gallery in convent of St. George). The West facade and two towers were built during the Hussite king jiří of poděbrady (1458-1471). A significant part of the interior of the Cathedral is decorated in the Baroque style. Painting in the altar made by Karel Screeu. For Gothic Church pulpit is the marble tombstone of the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, Rudolf II in 1597 was invited to Prague, where he, together with Johannes Kepler laid the basis for the calculation of the trajectories of the planets.
The Monastery Of Saint Agnes.
Czech Monastery is an ensemble of ecclesiastical and residential buildings. Now here are the collection of the National gallery.
The Church of St. Havel.
In front of the Estates theatre is the Gothic Church of St. Havel, or Havelská temple which gave name to the town Havelská. In one of the side chapels buried Karel Shkreta, the most famous painter of Baroque in the Czech Republic. From the once huge Havelsky market were only Gothic arcades, beneath which in the middle ages, the merchants laid out their goods. However, I preserved the coal market in the West and fruit market in the East.
The Church of St. františek.
Together with the former monastery of the order of crusaders with the red star occupies the North side Krizovnicka square. Built on the Foundation of early Gothic Baroque building with a dome impresses with its main facade with statues of St. John of Nepomuk and the virgin Mary. The frescoes in the dome – the oldest in Prague – created by V. V. Reiner and the ceiling was painted by J. K. liška. The so-called column for the grower on the corner Krizovnicka street is decorated with the statue of St. Wenceslas. The neo-Gothic statue of Charles IV set in 1848 in honor of the 500th anniversary of Charles University.
The Church Of St. Clement.
Originally this Church was built in Baroque style (1711-1715.) K. I. Dienzenhofer, later M. brown made the sculptural decoration. Today this Church on Karlova street is the defending Greco-Catholic Church.
The Church Of The Salvator (Saviour).
The most significant Church building of Prague in the style of the Renaissance. Originally it was a part of the Klementinum. Giving it features of the Baroque after 1620 before the facade was built a portico in the form of a triumphal arch, which was to glorify the victory of Catholicism over their opponents.
The Church Of Our Lady Of The Snows.
In the XIX century this powerful building was the tallest building in the New town, and only relatively recently the Roman Catholic Church began to close other buildings. Originally it was planned to create a temple, which is bigger than the Cathedral of St. Vitus. But it was possible to build only the nave with a height of 35 meters, further work was interrupted by Hussite wars. Here Jan Zelivskeho, the ideologue of the radical Hussite wing called on his supporters to storm the New town hall that ended “the first Prague by throwing from the Windows”.
The Church of St. Peter and Paul stands on the foundations of a Romanesque Basilica, in the crypt under the altar is buried the rulers from the dynasty of přemyslid. During the reign of Charles IV, originally a three-nave building was expanded to its. Later the Church was rebuilt, and features Renaissance and Baroque styles, until finally in 1885-1903, he had not acquired its present neo-Gothic appearance with two towers.
The Church Of St. Cyril and Methodius.
Is Raskovoy street, was built in 1730 by K. I. Dienzenhofer, since 1935, is owned by Czech Orthodox Church. This temple has gained notoriety as a refuge of the participants of the assassination attempt on Heydrich in 1942, the desperate and the hopeless resistance of the parachutists, when the traitor gave them shelter in the crypt under the altar, reminiscent of a memorial plaque.
This monastery was founded by Charles IV for the resumption of divine services in the Slavonic language (hence the second name – “the monastery on Savannah”). During the bombing at the end of the war (1945) twin towers were destroyed. In their place, in 1967, he built two enormous concrete towers of unusual appearance, suggesting at first that this is only a temporary replacement. But towers are still standing and are a symbol of the connection of the middle ages and modernism. The walls of the monastery are decorated with Gothic wall paintings. Three-aisled Church is used today as an exhibition hall.
The Church Of St. John of Nepomuk on the rock is a creation of K. I. Dienzenhofer. Stressed polygonal Central building, in which fit the oval structure of the narthex and choir – a technique typical of younger Dienzenhofer. Two offset diagonal of the tower cover the flanks of the portal, from which a double external staircase leads to the street. Inside the Church there is a magnificent mural, dedicated to the ascension of St. John of Nepomuk, and on the main altar, his sculptural portrait, a bronze replica of which is installed on the Charles bridge.
The Church Of The Virgin Mary.
This Church is among the few Gothic churches whose interior space is grouped around a single Central column. According to legend, in pre-Christian times in this column was the image of the pagan God Svyatovit, which then gave place to the virgin Mary. Neo-Gothic appearance of the Church was acquired in 1858-1863 he, the Church of St. Ignaz. Located on the corner Echnol street. Was built in 1665-1668, the Imperial architect Carlo Lurago for the Jesuit College. The portal is decorated with the figure of the Holy patron with a halo. The interior impresses with wonderful stuccoes, and paintings I. Hinch, K. Skreta and I. Raab.